In Italy, three different operational continuous monitoring experiences based on the exploitation of Multi Temporal Synthetic Aperture Radar data (MTInSAR) Sentinel-1 data are here depicted, and the results obtained in one year have been analysed. Tuscany region (Central Italy) has been the first region to implement such service, followed by Valle d’Aosta and Veneto regions (North-West and North-East Italy, respectively).
In detail, the services benefit from regularly updated deformation maps (every 12 days) to promptly detect anomalies of deformation, i.e., trend variations in the time series of displacement.
In this work, anomalies detected between September 2019 and September 2020 are thus correlated with several types of factors, either related to the environment, intrinsic of the data or derived from ancillary data.
A statistical analysis has been performed on the three regions, and are discretized into five macro-areas, namely: i) spatial and temporal statistics, related to the geographic setting and the temporal distribution of the anomalies; ii) parametric, i.e., related to the interferometric processing; iii) triggering factors; iv) environmental and geological factors; v) urban setting.
The results derived from the analysis of this work show the obvious differences between the three regions, highlighting distinct distributions of the anomalies according to the different settings of each study area. Furthermore, results were analyzed, to provide a summary of the main findings obtained, giving a first evaluation of the services and hypothesizing future further improvements and applications.
Pierluigi Confuorto, Matteo Del Soldato, Lorenzo Solari, Davide Festa, Silvia Bianchini, Federico Raspini, Nicola Casaglia